Who catches Monkeypox in 2022?. 12 Best Monkeypox Prevent Tips.
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May 28 2022 | 5 Minutes Read.
People around the world are witnessing the “Seasons of Outbreaks, “Covid Outbreak deaths mourning still going on, we got a Monkeypox outbreak now, the Monkeypox pandemic? We believe WHO, said that Monkeypox will not bring another pandemic like Covid.
Why is this Monkeypox outbreak now? If I am writing on politics, I may write about the last Saturday’s Twitter trending Hashtag #BillGatesBioTerrorist, the people will be more interested to read argue, and discuss, but unfortunately, I am not.
So I would like to mention that, “Epidemiological investigations are ongoing”, according to the WHO’s report on “Multi-country monkeypox outbreak in non-endemic countries,” dated May 21, 2022. I can see your guffaw now.
WHO says, 20 countries have reported monkeypox infections, and more than 300+ confirmed cases and 100+ suspected cases of infection. The United Kingdom confirmed 90 cases as of May 26, 2022, UKHSA says “The risk to the UK population remains low” and “Asking people to be alert to any new rashes or lesions on any part of their body.”
As of now this writing (May 28, 2022, 8 AM.) CDC has confirmed 12 cases in the USA. California, Colorado, Florida, and Utah reported 2 cases in each state, and Massachusetts, Newyork, Virginia, and Washington reported 1 case in each state.
What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus from the same family as smallpox. Monkeypox is a zoonotic orthopoxvirus disease. Zoonosis is a disease that spreads from animals to humans. The USA has already seen a Multistate Outbreak of Monkeypox in 2003.
What are the symptoms of Monkeypox?
Symptoms of the Monkeypox include:
- Swollen lymph nodes (Lymphadenopathy)
- Muscle and body aches
- Back pain
Following these symptoms, within 1 to 3 days, rashes appear on the face and spread to other parts of the body. The rash typically begins as small, red bumps that progress to fluid-filled blisters.
Who is at risk of Monkeypox infection?
- Those who have visited countries in Central and West Africa, as well as European countries where monkeypox cases were reported.
- Monkeypox can cause serious illnesses and even death in newborns, children, and people with Immunocompromised.
- Our protecting angels, the Health workers are also more vulnerable due to prolonged virus exposure.
How did the Monkeypox virus spread?
- The Monkeypox virus is transmitted when a person comes into contact with a virus-infected animal, human, or contaminated materials.
- The Monkeypox virus enters the body through wounds in the skin, the respiratory tract, the eyes, nose, or mouth.
- Large respiratory droplets are thought to be the primary mode of human-to-human transmission.
- Direct / Indirect contact with body fluids.
- Direct / Indirect contact with lesion material.
Who catches Monkeypox in 2022?
Close physical contact is the reason for to spread of Monkeypox from person to person. In Non-Endemic countries, Most of the cases reported are Men having sex with men catches monkeypox in 2022.
CDC‘s Monkeypox Outbreak response and recommendations read, “It’s not clear how the individuals were exposed to monkeypox but cases include people who self-identify as men who have sex with men.”
On Thursday, CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said, Most of the cases “are within gay [and] bisexual men and other men who have sex with men.”
UKHSA‘s News story report reads “a notable proportion of the cases identified to date have been among men who are gay, bisexual and men who have sex with men (MSM), so we are asking these people, in particular, to be aware of the symptoms, particularly if they have recently had a new sexual partner.”
WHO says Monkeypox is not a Gay disease and “Several of the cases that have been reported from non-endemic countries have been identified in men who have sex with men. These cases were identified at sexual health clinics.”
What are the complications of Monkeypox?
Skin infections, pneumonia, confusion, and eye infections that can result in vision loss are all possibilities.
What is the Monkeypox death rate?
Let us check WHO’s report to understand better about the Monkeypox death rate, Monkeypox cases reported in Monkeypox Endemic countries (Endemic countries means, Countries where a specific disease is prevalent), From December 15, 2021, to May 1, 2022,
- The Democratic Republic of Congo reported the highest number of cases – 1238, and Deaths – 57.
- Nigeria – Cases reported – 46, Deaths – <5.
- Cameroon – Cases reported -25 – Deaths – <5.
We don’t have data for Non-Endemic countries, because Monkeypox is a rare disease.
WHO report read, West African Clade – 3.6% fatal and Congo Basin Clade 10.6% fatal, Monkeypox, a self-curing disease, So far no deaths reported in Non-Endemic countries outbreak, there is no need to panic about Monkeypox.
What did the experts say about the Monkeypox outbreak?
CDC Director Rochelle Walensky warned the people of the USA, “While some groups may have a greater chance of exposure right now, infectious diseases do not care about state or international borders. They’re not contained within social networks, and the risk of exposure is not limited to any one particular group”.
Dr. Raj Panjabi, senior director for health security and biodefense at the White House, said, “We shouldn’t be surprised to see more cases reported in the US in the upcoming days. It’s actually a sign that Americans are remaining vigilant, and health care providers and public health workers are doing their job”.
Dr. Susan Hopkins, UKHSA’s Chief Medical Adviser, stated, “We are continuing to promptly identify further monkeypox cases in England through our extensive surveillance and contact tracing networks, our vigilant NHS services, and thanks to people coming forward with symptoms.” and added that,
“We are asking people to look out for new spots, ulcers, or blisters on any part of their body.”
12 Best Monkeypox Prevent Tips
Prevent tips for Human to Human Infection:
- Eating undercooked meat and other animal foods from infected animals may pose a risk. So, Eat Fully cooked meat and other animal foods.
- If you have recently changed sexual partner/sexual relationship, use condoms and pay attention to symptoms if any.
- Make the infected person isolate themselves and cover any skin lesions.
- Wear a mask when you are physically close to the infected person.
- Ask Him/Her to Wear a Mask When people around them.
- Avoid any materials that have come into contact with a sick person.
- If you come into contact with an infected person, wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- When caring for patients, wear personal protective equipment (PPE).
Prevent tips for Animal to Human tips
- Stay away from the infected animal.
- Stay away from animals that have been found dead in Monkeypox spread locations.
- Avoid any materials that have come into contact with a sick animal.
- If you come into contact with an infected animal, wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Vaccines for Monkeypox in the USA
WHO Europe’s high-threat pathogen team led, Richard Pebody said to Reuters, “WHO does not believe the monkeypox outbreak outside of Africa requires mass vaccinations as measures like good hygiene and safe sexual behavior will help control its spread”.
CDC planned vaccines for Health care workers who have treated Monkeypox-infected individuals.
On September 24, 2019, FDA Approved the first live, non-replicating vaccine, the “Jynneos vaccine” (Imvamune or Imvanex) to prevent smallpox and Monkeypox. For the diseases in adults 18 years of age and above, and being at high risk of contracting smallpox or Monkeypox.
Check with your healthcare provider for treatment options, if you have the Symptoms of Monkeypox or If you have traveled to the places where infection got an outbreak.
What are the Side effects of the Jynneos Vaccine?
The most common adverse events reported during clinical trials were ache, redness, swelling, itchiness, firmness at the injection site, muscle aches, headache, and fatigue.
What are the other Medical remedy options for Monkeypox in the USA?
Apart from Vaccines, Your healthcare provider may prescribe the treatment options for monkeypox including:
- FDA-approved antiviral medication Tecovirimat (also known as TPOXX).
- FDA-approved antiviral medication Cidofovir (also known as Vistide).
- FDA-approved Vaccinia Immune Globulin Intravenous (VIGIV).
- FDA-approved antiviral medication Brincidofovir (also known as Tembexa).
“Avoid Juxtaposition with People and animals, who have Monkeypox Infection symptoms or with confirmed infection.”