People affected with Covid-19 may be at risk for 20 Heart-related Diseases.
March 5, 2022
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According to a recent study published in the Journal Nature Medicine, those infected with COVID-19 are at risk of suffering a cardiovascular disease-related incident 30 days after infection.
Covid-19 affects the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to researchers.
During infection, the coronavirus may directly assault cardiac muscles, causing inflammation in the cells that coat the lining of the heart and blood arteries, and ultimately scarring the heart and veins.
What did the study find?
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The study discovered that even persons who were not hospitalized with COVID-19 developed more cardiovascular illness than those who were never infected.
Heart failure, stroke, abnormal heart rhythms, blood clots, blood vessel illnesses, and heart inflammatory disorders such as pericarditis and myocarditis could all be long-term consequences.
How the study was conducted and the results?
Researchers looked examined data from the US Department of Veterans Affairs’ national health care databases, which included approximately 154,000 veterans diagnosed with COVID-19 between March 2020 and January 2021. They calculated the risks and prognosis for 20 cardiovascular illnesses during one year.
When compared to individuals who did not get infected with coronavirus, veterans who had COVID-19 a year prior had a considerably higher risk of all “20 heart and vessel disorders.”
The risk increased as COVID-19 became more severe, especially among the approximately 17,000 veterans admitted to hospitals and the 5,400 veterans treated in intensive care units.
The risk differed depending on the condition. After a year, veterans who tested positive for COVID-19 had a 72 percent higher risk of heart failure than those who did not.
According to the study, this translates to around 12 additional persons per 1,000 getting heart failure. Infected people were 45 times more likely than uninfected people to develop any of the 20 conditions.
What did experts say about this Study?
Dr. Evelina Grayver, MD, the Director of the women’s heart health program at Northwell Health in NY who did not take part in the study, told Fox News. “There were 20 cardiac disorders that were diagnosed for those patients that are suffering from long haul COVID. The most common is the shortness of breath and fatigue,”
“The new arrhythmias, or the abnormal heart rhythms that people experience, are significant as well and can become incredibly handicapping for a lot of patients,” Grayver added.
Dr. Grayver told Fox News that many patients who suffer from the cardiovascular effects of long COVID-19, such as myocarditis, are afraid to exercise, but that exercise can play an important role in recovery.
“When patients can start their exercise regimen in a controlled environment, where they are being closely monitored in regards to their EKG, blood pressure, and heart rate, they feel a lot more comfortable and safer to continue with their exercise outside of the cardiac rehab centers,” he added.
According to Ziyad Al-Aly, senior study author and chief of research at the VA St. Louis Health Care System, “COVID is an equal opportunity offender,”
“We found an increased risk of cardiovascular problems in old people and young people, in people with diabetes and without diabetes, in people with obesity and people without obesity, in people who smoked and who never smoked,” he added.
What are the limitations of the Study?
The study focused on veterans, who are often elderly, white, and male. More than 70% of the patients were white, and the average age was 60.
The researchers took into account the probability that those who got COVID-19 were already prone to cardiovascular illness. They also corrected for gender and race with statistical methods.
According to Science, The study ended before vaccines were widely available, 99.7% of infected veterans were unvaccinated when they contracted Covid-19.
That is, the paper does not address whether the risks of long-term cardiovascular problems are the same in vaccinated people after a breakthrough infection.
If I have a heart condition, is the COVID vaccine safe for me?
Yes. For persons with heart problems, the Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, and Pfizer vaccinations are safe and effective. You will experience no more severe adverse effects than those who do not have one. Patients with cardiac issues must get vaccinated against COVID.
You’re less likely to contract the virus if you’ve been vaccinated. And even if you do become sick, the chances of your infection becoming serious or requiring hospitalization are low.
The sort of vaccine you chose has a preference among top health professionals. They advocate getting an mRNA vaccination (like those made by Pfizer and Moderna) instead of the J&J vaccine, which is made differently.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, which examined the latest research on the effectiveness, safety, and rare adverse effects of existing vaccines, made the recommendation, which was backed by the CDC.
If you can’t or don’t want to obtain an mRNA vaccine, you should get the J&J vaccine. Experts think that getting any COVID-19 vaccine is preferable to not getting one.
Is a COVID Vaccine may risk for My Child's Heart Disease?
The CDC monitors how children and teenagers react to the COVID vaccine regularly. Heart problems in youngsters have been rare so far, and the most serious cases have cleared up after a few days in the hospital. COVID infection poses a far greater risk to your child’s heart health than vaccine side effects in general.
When Should You See a Physician?
There are some indications that your COVID-19 infection has harmed your heart. If you have any of the following symptoms after recovering from COVID, contact your doctor or go to the ER right away:
- Breathing difficulty
- Pain in your chest.
According to the study, millions of Covid-19 survivors in the United States will suffer long-term consequences, putting a strain on the healthcare system and reducing life expectancy.
But follow a healthy lifestyle and keep updating your health symptoms with your primary care physician. That will help to get you timely support to maintain your good health.
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