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Covid-19 and Broken Heart Syndrome rise in USA Women.

Broken heart Syndrome

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February 25, 2022. Heart and February month maybe lovers I think.

Valentines’ Day to & American Heart month the month of love brings so many memories to bring in people’s lives.

The month of February may be the reason for many people getting engaged. Someone may get heartbroken because of the rejection of the proposal.

Guys may cry by saying, “baby please don’t break my heart”, but what if babies get broken of their hearts?

During the pandemic, top U.S. medical centers have reported an increase in cases of the condition, particularly among women aged 40 and older.

Many of the ladies were reasonably healthy before the pandemic, but the stress and sadness induced by loss, as well as the general upheaval of life, caused many to develop the illness.

Over the last decade, cases of broken heart syndrome have increased up to ten times faster in middle-aged and older women than in younger women and men. This group is also the most affected by the disease.

What is Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM) Or Broken Heart Syndrome?

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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a weakening of the heart’s primary pumping chamber, the left ventricle.

A Japanese cardiovascular Sato discovered and reported this unusual illness takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) for the first time in 1990.

“Takotsubo” (tako – octopus, tsubo – pot) name is derived from the name of pot used by Japanese fishermen to catch octopuses.

When the left ventricle of the heart changes shape, it takes on the appearance of an octopus trap, with a thin neck and a round bottom. That’s why Broken heart Syndrome is called Takotsubo.

What are the Other names for Broken Heart Syndrome?

are other names of Broken heart syndrome.

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What are the Causes of Broken heart Syndrome?

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There are two kinds of Stress causes for Broken heart syndrome. Highest reported is Emotional Stress, another one is physical stress.

  • Unexpected death, illness, or injury to a family member, friend, or pet.
  • Domestic violence
  • A significant decline in blood pressure
  • Illness, surgery, or medical procedure that is life-threatening 
  • Extreme agony
  • Asthma symptoms
  • Getting awful news 
  • Accidents involving automobiles or other vehicles
  • Losing job
  • Getting Divorced 
  • A heated debate
  • Financial setback
  • Extreme dread
  • Speaking in public
  • A surprise party or other unexpected event

Powerful emotions lead the body to create chemicals and hormones that cause a portion of the heart to momentarily expand and pump badly while the remainder of the heart works normally or with even more intense contractions.

What are the Symptoms of Broken heart Syndrome?

Broken heart syndrome symptoms mimic the symptoms of heart attack symptoms.

The major symptoms are 

  • Chest pain/discomfort and 
  • Shortness of breath, 
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness

These symptoms might appear minutes or hours after an emotionally or physically stressful event.

What differentiates broken heart syndrome from a heart attack?

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Most heart attacks are caused by blockages and blood clots accumulating in the coronary arteries, which provide blood to the heart.

If these clots block off the heart’s blood supply for an extended period, cardiac muscle cells die, leaving the heart with scar tissue and irreversible damage.

Broken heart syndrome patients often have normal coronary arteries and rarely have serious obstructions or clots. Adrenaline and other stress hormones jolt the heart cells of persons suffering from broken heart syndrome.

Fortunately, in most situations, this improves fast, frequently within weeks or just a few days. The majority of patients have no scar tissue or damage.

How does unexpected stress cause heart muscle weakness?

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When you are exposed to a stressful incident, your body creates hormones and proteins such as adrenaline and noradrenaline to assist you to cope.

A tremendous amount of adrenaline that is abruptly created in response to stress might overload the heart muscle.

Excess adrenaline can restrict the tiny arteries that carry blood to the heart, resulting in a temporary decrease in blood flow to the heart.

Adrenaline may also directly attach to cardiac cells, causing significant amounts of calcium to enter the cells. This high calcium consumption can cause the cardiac cells to stop beating normally.

The effects of adrenaline on the heart during broken heart syndrome appear to be transitory and completely reversible – the heart normally heals completely.

Why did Broken heart Syndrome rise in women During Covid-19 Pandemic?

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According to the latest study, stress cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in roughly 8% of patients who presented to the emergency department with chest pain and other suspected heart symptoms in March and April.

This was four to five times greater than rates seen before the pandemic, which ranged between 1.5 and 1.8 percent.

Moreover, even though COVID-19 can cause heart issues, none of the patients with stress cardiomyopathy tested positive for the infection, according to Dr. Ankur Kalra, a cardiologist who worked on the study.

“That shows that this is not a reflection of the virus, but of the pandemic’s stress,” he said.

Stress cardiomyopathy is a relatively new diagnosis, and doctors are still attempting to fully comprehend it, according to Kalra. 

However, it gained its nickname since it might occur following an emotionally stressful incident.

“Families are very stressed by the deaths of loved ones, as well as the loss of employment and houses,” says C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD, director of the Barbra Streisand Women’s Heart Center.

“As cardiologists, we always think the heart is the most important organ. It’s the brain and the brain controls everything,” says Dr. Bairey Merz of Cedars-Sinai.

Real-Life Examples for Broken Heart Syndrome

According to ABC, people who suffered from Broken heart syndrome, 

  •  A woman was psychologically prepared to have her first child during COVID but was unexpectedly overcome last year following an emergency Cesarean section, potentially triggering a broken heart syndrome.
  • Recently got broke up at 35 years old, single mom had Broken heart syndrome, she suffered from 10% functioning of her heart.
  •  A 75-year-old mom got her heart was physically damaged as a result of her enormous sadness following the tragic loss of her 31-year-old son.
  • Like many furloughed working women at 63 years old got broken heart syndrome. 

These are the few examples of broken heart syndrome, how it is triggered in certain situations.

What are the Complications of Broken heart syndrome?

Broken heart syndrome can be fatal in rare cases. However, most persons who suffer from broken heart syndrome heal quickly and have no long-term consequences.

Other potential side effects of broken heart syndrome include:

  • Fluid backup in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
  • Blood pressure is low (hypotension)
  • Irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias)
  • Failure of the heart
  • Because of the weaker cardiac muscle, blood clots form within the heart.

After another traumatic occurrence, broken heart syndrome may reoccur. However, the chances of this occurring are slim.

What are the Treatments for Broken heart Syndrome?

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There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for broken heart syndrome.

Until the diagnosis is clear, treatment is identical to that of a heart attack. The majority of patients are admitted to the hospital to recover.

It is critical to see a cardiologist who is knowledgeable about this syndrome and can tell you when your heart muscle has recovered.

The cardiologist may wish to treat you with typical drugs for heart muscle weakening early on, but this will depend on several factors, including your heart rate and blood pressure.

Your doctor may advise you to participate in an exercise program that includes cardiac rehabilitation.

Avoiding stressful situations is usually advised, and stress-reduction therapies such as biofeedback, meditation, yoga, physical rehabilitation, and exercise can be highly beneficial to some people with this illness.

Many persons who have broken heart syndrome recover completely within a month or so.

How to Avoid Broken heart syndrome?

There are currently no treatments available to prevent broken heart syndrome.

Learning stress management and problem-solving strategies, on the other hand, can help improve physical and emotional stress. Relaxation techniques can also be beneficial.

Chronic stress may increase the risk of broken heart syndrome in some persons.

Taking actions to manage emotional stress can enhance heart health and may aid in the prevention of broken heart syndrome.

Request to men, Please Don’t be the reason for Broken Heart syndrome in women, because they suffer most than men.

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